BUĞDAY HASTALIKLARI

 

Viral Hastalık Etmenleri

Buğday Toprakkökenli Mozaik Virüsü

Wheat Soilborne Mosaic Virus (WSMV)

Buğday Çizgi Mozaik Virüsü

Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus

Bakteriyel Hastalık Etmenleri

Bakteriyel Leke

Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae

Bkteriyel Çizgi

- Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (formerly X. campestris pv. translucens)

Fungal Hastalık Etmenleri

Antraknoz

Colletotrichum graminicola (Ces.) G.W. Wils.
(teleomorph: Glomerella graminicola Politis)

Siyah Başak Küfleri -

- Fusarium graminearum
- F. avenaceum
- F. culmorum
- Microdochium nivale (formerly Fusarium nivale)

Siyah Nokta, Kök Çürüklüğü ve Fide Yanıklığı -

- Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoemaker
(teleomorph: Cochliobolus sativus (Ito & Kuribayashi) Drechs. ex Dastur)

Sürme -

- Tilletia caries (DC.) Tul. & C. Tul. = T. tritici (Bjerk.) G. Wint. in Rabenh.
- T. laevis Kühn in Rabenh. = T. foetida (Wallr.) Liro

Cephalosporium Şeriti -

Hymenula cerealis Ellis & Everh.
= Cephalosporium gramineum Nisikado & Ikata in Nisikado et al.

Sarı Yaprak Lekesi

Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Died.) Drechs.
(anamorph: Drechslera tritici-repentis (Died.) Shoe.
= Helminthosporium tritici-repentis Died.)

Pamuksu Kar Küfü

Coprinus psychromorbidus Redhead & J.A. Traquair

Yaprak Lekesi

Dilophospora alopecuri (Fr.:Fr.) Fr.

Cüce Sürme -

Tilletia controversa Kühn in Rabenh.

Çavdar mahmuzu

Claviceps purpurea (Fr.:Fr.) Tul.
(anamorph: Sphacelia segetum Lév.)

Fusarium Kök Çürüklüğü

- Fusarium culmorum (W.G. Sm.) Sacc.
- F. pseudograminearum

Hale Lekesi

Pseudoseptoria donacis (Pass.) Sutton
= Selenophoma donacis (Pass.) Sprague & A.G. Johnson

Yarı Açık Sürme -

Neovossia indica (Mitra) Mundkur
= Tilletia indica Mitra

Yaprak Pası -

Puccinia recondita Roberge ex Desmaz.
(anamorph: Aecidium clematidis DC.)

Yaprak Çizgileri

Cercosporidium graminis (Fuckel) Deighton
= Scolicotrichum graminis Fuckel

Yaprak Lekesi -

Phaeosphaeria herpotrichoides (De Not.)L. Holm
= Leptosphaeria herpotrichoides De Not.

Açık Rastık -

Ustilago tritici (Pers.) Rostr.

Pempe Kar Küfü

Microdochium nivale (Fr.)Samuels & I.C. Hallet
= Fusarium nivale Ces. ex Berl. & Voglino
(teleomorph: Monographella nivalis (Sch.) E. Müller)

Külleme

Erysiphe graminis DC. f.sp.tritici Em. Marchal

Kök Çürüklüğü -

- Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitzp.
- P. arrhenomanes Drechs.
- P. debaryanum Auct. non Hesse
- P. graminicola Subramanian
- P. ultimum Trow

Yara Kabuğu (Scab)

Gibberella zeae(Schwein.) Petch
(anamorph: Fusarium graminearum Schwabe)

Haşlama (Scald)

Rhynchosporium secalis (Oudem.) J.J. Davis

Yaprak Lekesi

- Septoria nodorum
- Septoria tritici Roberge in Desmaz. (teleomorph: Mycosphaerella graminicola (Fuc.) J. Schröt. in Cohn)

Kuşgözü ve Kök Çürüklüğü

Rhizoctonia cerealis Van der Hoeven (teleomorph: Ceratobasidium cereale D. Murray & L.L. Burpee)

Kar Küfü

Myriosclerotinia borealis (Bubák. & Vleu.) L.M. Kohn
= Sclerotinia borealis Bubák. & Vleugel

Gri Kar Küfü -

- Typhula idahoensis Remsberg
- T. incarnata Fr.
- T. ishikariensis Imai
- T. ishikariensis Imai var. canadensis J.D. Smith & Arsvoll in Arsvoll & J.D. Smith

Yaprak Lekesi

Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoemaker

Mürekkep Lekesi

Stagonospora nodorum (Berk.) Castellani & E.G. Germano
= Septoria nodorum Berk. in Berk. & Broome
(teleomorph: Phaeosphaeria nodorum (E. Müller) Hedjaroude
= Leptosphaeria nodorum E. Müller)

Sap Sürmesi

Urocystis occulta (Wallr.) Rabenh. exFuckel

Gövde Pası-

Puccinia graminis Pers.:Pers.
= P. graminis Pers. f. sp. secalis Eriks. & E. Henn.

Depo Küfleri-

- Alternaria spp.
- Aspergillus spp.
- Epicoccum spp.
- Nigrospora spp.
- Penicillium spp.
- Rhizopus spp.

Göz Lekesi

Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (Fron) Deighton

Sarı Pas -

Puccinia striiformis Westend.
(anamorph: Uredo glumarum J.C. Schmidt)

Bayrak Rastığı -

Urocystis agropyri (formerly U. tritici)

Gaeumannomyces Hastalığı (Take-All) -

Gaeumannomyces graminis (Sacc.) Arx & Olivier var. tritici J.Walker